Dataset: Austria: Referendum on the Accession to the European Union 1994


<p><b>Date of referendum:</b> 12 June 1994</p>

<p>On 12 June 1994 a referendum was held on Austrian membership in the European Union. That is, the people were asked whether the Nationalrat would be allowed to amend the Austrian constitution in order to fit with the requirements of EU membership. Since these changes were considered to amount to a ‘total revision’ (Gesarntiinderung) of the constitution, the referendum was constitutionally required. The governing parties (SPÖ, ÖVP) took a clear positive stand towards Austrian EU membership, while FPÖ and the Greens (Grüne) campaigned against EU membership.</p>

<p>Participation in the referendum was 82.35 % and was considered very high; 4,768,401 votes were cast, of which 4,724,831 were valid (81,80%). Of the valid votes, 66.58 % approved of the constitutional amendment and membership in the EU. 33.4 % voted ‘no’.</p>

Full Title

Austria: Referendum on the Accession to the European Union 1994

Parallel Title

Austria: Referendum on the Accession to the European Union 1994

Identification Number



Name Affiliation Abbreviation Role
Norwegian Social Science Data Services NSD


Date: 2009-03-19

List of Keywords

Topic Classification


Time Period Covered

Start End Cycle
1994 1994



Geographic Coverage


Geographic Unit


Unit of Analysis

Statistical/administrative unit

Kind of Data

Aggregate data

Data Collector

Norwegian Social Science Data Services  (NSD)

Mode of Data Collection

Data was accessed by gemeinden (NUTS 5). Aggregation has been compiled by the NSD.

Data Sources

<p>Data was provided by Robert Stein at the BM.I (Bundesministrium für Inneres), 03.08.05.</p>
<p>Bundesministerium für Inneres: <a target="_blank" href=""></a></p>;


Abroad votes: Available on national levels.

NUTS structure and electoral units: Election results are reported for 2381 municipalities, which correspond to the NUTS 5 statistical regions aggragated into the 35 NUTS 3 units. There have been slight changes of the gemeinden/municipality (NUTS 5) structure (see "unit of analysis").

Availability Status

Data is available free of charge

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