Dataset: Austria: Parliamentary Election 1994


<p><b>Date of election</b>: 9 October 1994</p>

<p><b>Main issues</b>: During the campaign, Freedom Party (FPÖ) leader Jörg Haider took an anti-foreigner stance, blaming immigrants for the country&rsquo;s crime and unemployment rates. He also alleged corruption in the official ruling circles. Federal Chancellor Franz Vranitzky, at the head of the left-of-centre SPÖ, stressed his personal qualities and extensive experience in this post as well as his Government&rsquo;s success in the sector of tax reform and its stated commitment to a broad array of other reforms.</p>
<p><b>Outcome of election</b>: The governing partners suffered their biggest setback in nearly 50 years while losing their two-thirds parliamentary majority, these losses being picked up not only by the FPÖ but also by the Greens and especially the newly founded Liberal Forum. Analysts attributed this outcome as much to the electorate&rsquo;s weariness with years of SPÖ-ÖVP rule as to the increasing popularity of the FPÖ and its straightforward message. Despite the setback, on 30 November a largely unchanged Cabinet headed by Mr. Vranitzky was sworn in.</p>

<h4>Party abbreviations:</h4>
   <li>SPÖ - Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs)</li>
   <li>ÖVP- Austrian Peoples Party (Österreichische Volkspartei)</li>
   <li>FPÖ - Freedom Party of Austria (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs)</li>
   <li>Grüne - The Greens - The Green Alternative (Die Grünen - Dei Grüne Alternative)</li>
   <li>LIF - Liberal Forum (Liberals Forum)</li>
   <li>NEIN - No to NATO and EU - Citizens' Initiative Neutral Austria (Nein zu NATO und EU Neutrales Österreich Bürgerinitiative)</li>
   <li>KPÖ - Communist Party of Austria (Kommunistische Partei Österreichs)</li>
   <li>CWG - Christian Voters' Community (Christliche Wählgemeinschaft)</li>
   <li>VGÖ - United Greens of Austria (Vereinigte Grüne Österreichs)</li>
   <li>ÖNP - Austrian Nautal Law Party (Österreichishe Naturgesetz Partei)</li>
   <li>BGÖ - Civic Green Party of Austria (Bürgerliche Grüne Österreichs)</li>
   <li>DBP - (Die Beste Partei)</li>
   <li>FG - (Fritz Georg)</li>

Full Title

Austria: Parliamentary Election 1994

Parallel Title

Austria: Parliamentary Election 1994

Identification Number



Name Affiliation Abbreviation Role
Bundesministerium für Inneres BM.I

List of Keywords

Topic Classification


Time Period Covered

Start End Cycle
1994 1994



Geographic Coverage

NUTS regions in Austria   
NUTS 1: 3
NUTS 2: 9
NUTS 3: 35

AT11 Burgenland (A)
AT111 Mittelburgenland
AT112 Nordburgenland
AT113 Südburgenland
AT12 Niederösterreich
AT121 Mostviertel-Eisenwurzen
AT122 Niederösterreich-Süd
AT123 Sankt Pölten
AT124 Waldviertel
AT125 Weinviertel
AT126 Wiener Umland/Nordteil
AT127 Wiener Umland/Südteil
AT13 Wien
AT130 Wien
AT21 Kärnten
AT211 Klagenfurt-Villach
AT212 Oberkärnten
AT213 Unterkärnten
AT22 Steiermark
AT221 Graz
AT222 Liezen
AT223 Östliche Obersteiermark
AT224 Oststeiermark
AT225 West- und Südsteiermark
AT226 Westliche Obersteiermark
AT31 Oberösterreich
AT311 Innviertel
AT312 Linz-Wels
AT313 Mühlviertel
AT314 Steyr-Kirchdorf
AT315 Traunviertel
AT32 Salzburg
AT321 Lungau
AT322 Pinzgau-Pongau
AT323 Salzburg und Umgebung
AT33 Tirol
AT331 Außerfern
AT332 Innsbruck
AT333 Osttirol
AT334 Tiroler Oberland
AT335 Tiroler Unterland
AT34 Vorarlberg
AT341 Bludenz-Bregenzer Wald
AT342 Rheintal-Bodenseegebiet
ATZZ Extra-Regio
ATZZZ Extra-Regio

Geographic Unit


Unit of Analysis

Statistical/administrative unit

Kind of Data

Aggregate data

Mode of Data Collection

Data was accessed by gemeinden (NUTS 5). Aggregation has been compiled by the NSD.

Data Sources

<p>Results e-mailed by Mr. Mag. Robert Stein at <a target="_blank" href="">Bundesministerium für Inneres (B.MI)</a> </p>
<p>Inter-Parliamentary Union: <a target="_blank" href="">PARLINE database on national parliaments</a></p>


Abroad votes: Available on national levels.

NUTS structure and electoral units:  
Election results are reported for 2381 municipalities, which correspond to the NUTS 5 statistical regions aggragated into the 35 NUTS 3 units.

Availability Status

Data is available free of charge

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